Cost For Rearing 100 Broilers In Nigeria with The Profit Amount

Posted by: Samuel Ezenwankwo 5 days, 5 hours ago/ (11 comments)

If you want to get your return of investment (ROI)  fast in the poultry business, then broiler is the right bird for you, and it does not cost much to start up. Broilers are mainly rear for meat production, which take a minimum of 6 weeks to get to a marketable size with weights between 1.5kg to 3kg.

In 2013, the Nigeria poultry industry was estimated to produce 290,000 metric tonnes of meat, and the local demand for frozen chicken is about 2 million metric tonnes leaving a wide gap of more than 1.7 million metric tonnes.

Also read:: Cost Of Raising 200 Layers In Nigeria With Profit Amount

So, why don’t you fill a bit of that gap and make huge money for yourself? Of course, I know you want to, or else you will not be reading this post right now.

 However, most beginners find it difficult to start unless they have an idea or estimate of what they need. So, in this post, I am going to give you a current estimated cost for rearing 100 broilers in Nigeria with the profit amount.

6 weeks broiler chickens

How much does it cost to rear 100 broilers in Nigeria?

Let assume you have a structure already in place manpower, and labor will be done by you and your family.

These are the key expenses:

1. 100-day old chicks (DOC) at ₦360 =₦ 36,000

2. 1 piece of 1 plywood for making brooder = ₦1,900

3. 1 bag of charcoal for heating the brooder = ₦3,000

4. 1 charcoal burner (Jiko) = ₦3,000

Also, read: 8 Best poultry feeds in Nigeria with their prices for optimal birds' growth

5.How many bags feeds do I need to rear 100 broilers in 8 weeks?

The table below feed showed the age, expected body weight, and cumulative feed intake for male and female broilers.

We shall use it to estimate the quantity of feed 100 broiler chicks will consume at various weeks.

Some farmers give their broiler grower, but I don’t give mine grower mash. I only give starter mash for 4 weeks, then finisher till marketable size at 6 to 8 weeks.

a.  How many bags of starter mash will 100 broilers consume in four (4) weeks?

So, from the table; 

 

At 4 weeks a bird will consume between 2020g for male and 1825g for female.

Average = (2020 + 1825)g/2 =1922.5g

Therefore,

 1 chick feed 

1922.5g of starter mash at 4 weeks

100 chicks feed 192250g of starter mash at 4 weeks

1000g = 1kg

Therefore 192250g =192.25kg

25kg =I bag=₦5,300

192.25kg =7.69bags  =₦ 40,757

So, for the first 4 weeks, 100 broilers will consume 7.69 bags of starter mash worth ₦40,757

b. How many bags of finisher mash will 100 broilers consume in four (5 to 8weeks) weeks?- assuming I am targeting 8 weeks

 

From the table above, the cumulative feed for male and female broiler at week 8 is 7400g and 6800 respectively

Average = (7400 + 6800)g/2= 7100g

Cumulative feed intake from 5 to 8 weeks = cumulative feed intake at 8 weeks minus (-) cumulative feed intake at 4 weeks (7100 – 1922.5)g = 5177.5g

1 broiler chicken will feed 5177.5g from 5 to 8 weeks

100 broiler chickens will feed 517750g from 5 to 8 weeks

1000g = 1kg

517750g=517.75kg

25kg = 1 bag = ₦ 5,300

517.75kg=20.71 bags=₦109,763

100 broiler chickens will consume 20.71 bags of finisher at ₦109,763

Total cost for feed =( 40,757 + 109,763) ₦ = ₦150,520

Also read: How to hatch chicks naturally at your backyard farm

6.  Cost of Vaccine for rearing 100 broilers in Nigeria

  • 100 doses of NCD (Lasota) at day 1, day 14, and day 28 (₦720 x 3) ₦2,160100 doses of Gumboro= ₦870

Vaccine in totality = (2,160 + 870)₦ = ₦3,030

Intramuscular vaccination

7. Vitamins and Antibiotics

  • 2 Vitalite packs (vitamin) = 2 x ₦2,000 =₦ 4,000
  • 2 Amaxicox ( antibiotics) = 2 x ₦1,800 = ₦3,600
  • 1Doxygen (antibiotics ) = ₦ 3,000
  • 1 Maxiyield (multivitamins) = ₦ 800

Total Vitamin and Antibiotics =(4,000 + 3,600 + 3000 + 800) ₦ = ₦11,400

 

 

Also, read: 6 Best Multivitamins for Poultry in Nigeria With Their Prices

8  Feeders and Drinkers

  • 5 feeders @ ₦1700/feeder =₦ 8,500

Kindly note that here I mean a tube feeder.

They have a ratio of 1: 10

 

  • 5 drinkers @ 600/drinker = ₦3,000

 

  • 10 bags of Wood shavings bags @200 = ₦2,000

 

Total = (8,500 + 3000 + 2000) ₦ = ₦13, 500

 

The total cost of rearing 100 broilers in Nigeria is;

Total Cost = (DOT + Plywood + Charcoal + Charcoal burner + Starter feed + Finisher feed + Vaccine + Vitamin and Antibiotics + Feeder , Drinker , and Wood shavings)

 

Total Cost =36,000 + 1,900 + 3,000 + 3,000 + 40,757 + 109,763 +3,030 +11,400 + 13,500)₦ = ₦222,350

 

Kindly note that these are the major costs. The majority are capital costs, meaning they shall not be incurred in subsequent production.

 

In total, you need at least ₦222,350 to rear 100 broiler chicks for 8 weeks.

You do not need all this cash at a go to start a broiler farm, maybe you even need a quarter to start. Start now!

 

 

 

Modern broiler farm

Profit Amount From Rearing 100 Broilers in Nigeria 

 So How much profit do I expect from 100 broiler chickens?

To get the profit amount you have to get the cost of rearing one bird. To get this you divide the total cost by the total number of chicks =₦ 222,350/100 =₦2223.5

Therefore, the cost of rearing one bird is ₦2223.5

 

Next, is to decide how much profit you should add to your cost per bird. To do this, without getting stranded in the course of selling your bird, you have to know the market prices of various sizes/weights of broiler chickens in the market.

Last year December, the market price (in my area) of birds between 2kg and 3kg at week was sold as follow;

  • Male broilers were sold between ( 3,500 and 4000)₦. 
  • Female broiler was sold between (3000 and 3,500)

Average Price = 3500 + 4000 +3000/3 =₦3,500 

 

Since the ideal market price is ₦3,500, So let assume you will sell your bird between ₦ 3500 and ₦4000 

Your average price will be 3500 +4000/2 =₦3,750

So, you will be selling one bird @ ₦3,750 

 

The two birds were sold for #3,500 each at 2.9kg at 7 weeks

Remember not all birds will survive to week 8. Therefore, cumulative mortality at week 8 is assumed to be 4% when all factors are held optimum. Thus cumulative mortality shall be

100 x4/100 = 4

Total surviving birds =100-4 = 96

Total sales= ₦3,750 x96 = ₦360,000

 

PROFIT = TOTAL SALES - TOTAL COST

               

 (360,000 – 222,350)₦ =₦ 137,650

The profit amount from rearing 100 broilers in Nigeria is ₦ 137,650

 

The amount is pretty cool as a profit for just two months. Imagine if you have enough capital, and you increased the number of your birds to 500 or 1000 you will making about ₦500,000 to ₦1,000,000 in two months.

Nevertheless, you can get to that level with good saving, management, marketing, and reinvesting strategies. It is just a matter of time you will see your flock expanding to thousands.

 

Also, read 8 Beginner's guide in poultry farming in Nigeria you must follow If you want to be successful

Frequently Asked Question (FAQ)

How many bags of feed will 100 broilers consume?

From our calculation above, 100 broilers will consume 8 bags approximately for the first 4 weeks, and consume 20 bags approximately from week 5 to week 8. Giving us a total of 28 bags

100 broilers will consume approximately 28 bags in 8 weeks.

 

How long does it take a broiler to mature?

The maturity of broilers depends on so many factors this includes breed, gender, management, etc. But if everything is kept at optimum, the broiler will get mature from 6 weeks upwards. But the market size is between 6 to 8 weeks. Keeping the broiler beyond 8 weeks will incur expenses.

 

Cost of full-grown broiler in Nigeria

Live weight broiler reared for 7 or 8 weeks is sold for ₦ 3,000 to ₦ 4000 depending on the size/weight or gender. Male is costlier than female in general. If you are selling frozen chicken in the kilo, a kilo is sold for 1,936.97 naira (sometimes five dollars).

 

Please comment and share if you find the post helpful. Thanks

Comments

Miss Unique 4 days, 22 hours ago

This was really helpful.. Thanks

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Samuel Ezenwankwo 4 days, 6 hours ago

You are welcome Unique

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Mukhtar 4 days, 18 hours ago

What a nice one, more grease to your elbow

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Samuel Ezenwankwo 4 days, 6 hours ago

Thanks!

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Idoko benard 4 days, 4 hours ago

You've been a blessing to me since I came across your site. Soon I'll show my appreciation in my little way... God bless your work.

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Samuel Ezenwankwo 3 days, 19 hours ago

Benard it's my pleasure. I enjoy what I like doing. Thanks you for your compliment.

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Comment awaiting approval 3 days, 13 hours ago

Olayemi 3 days, 13 hours ago

Pls feeding your broilers, how many times do you feed them a day? Thanks

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Samuel Ezenwankwo 3 days, 8 hours ago

twice a day in the ratio of 3:2, that is 60% of their daily consumption in the morning 40% in the evening.

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Olayemi 2 days, 20 hours ago

Thanks a lot

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Samuel Ezenwankwo 2 days, 18 hours ago

You're welcome

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